|Stephen Hawking Quick Info|
|Height||5 ft 6½ in|
|Date of Birth||January 8, 1942|
|Date of Death||March 14, 2018|
Stephen Hawking was an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and author who gained popularity with his work of popular science, in which he discussed theories. He served as the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge from 1979 to 2009 and was director of research at the University of Cambridge’s Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at the time of his death. He was diagnosed with an early-onset slow-progressing form of motor neuron disease in 1963, which eventually paralyzed him. His scientific works included the theoretical prediction that black holes emit radiation, often called “Hawking radiation”. Stephen had published books like A Brief History of Time, God Created the Integers: The Mathematical Breakthroughs That Changed History, On the Shoulders of Giants, Black Holes and Baby Universes and Other Essays, and many more.
Stephen William Hawking
Stephen was born on January 8, 1942.
Stephen Hawking died at the age of 76 on March 14, 2018, at his home in Cambridge, England, UK during the morning time. The report was given by a family spokesman.
Oxford, England, United Kingdom
Stephen Hawking started his school education at the Byron House School. When his family moved to St. Albans, the eight-year-old Stephen had to attend the St Albans High School for Girls for a few months. He then transferred to the St Albans School.
In October 1959, Stephen joined the University College, Oxford to study mathematics and graduated with a first-class BA (Hons.) degree in Natural Science.
In 1962, he joined the Trinity Hall, Cambridge to start his doctoral studies. Stephen wrote his doctoral thesis in 1965 and received a Ph.D. degree in March 1966. His degree was in Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics with a specialization in general relativity and cosmology.
Theoretical physicist, cosmologist, author, research institute director
- Father – Frank Hawking (Medical Researcher)
- Mother – Isobel Hawking (Secretary)
- Siblings – Philippa Hawking (Younger Sister), Mary Hawking (Younger Sister), Edward Hawking (Adopted Brother)
General Relativity, Quantum Gravity
5 ft 6½ in or 169 cm
61 kg or 134.5 pounds
Girlfriend / Spouse
Stephen Hawking dated –
- Jane Wilde (1964-1995) – Stephen Hawking met Jane Wilde (later became an author and educator), who was his sister’s friend shortly after being diagnosed with motor neuron disease. Stephen was a graduate student at that time at Cambridge. In October 1964, they got engaged, and it was this engagement that gave Stephen a will to live. They got married in July 1965. The couple had three children son Robert (b. May 1967), daughter Lucy (b. 1970), and son Timothy (b. 1979). By the mid-1980s, Jane had developed romantic feelings for organist Jonathan Hellyer Jones, whom she had met at a church choir. Hawking allowed that affair to exist as long as Jane still loved him. In the meantime, Stephen had developed an affection for one of his nurses, Elaine Mason, and told Jane in 1990 that he was leaving her for Mason. Their divorce was finalized in 1995. However, Stephen did get closer to Jane after his divorce from Mason.
- Elaine Mason (1995-2006) – Hawking grew close to his nurse Elaine Mason in the late 1980s. Stephen informed his first wife, Jane that he intended to marry Elaine and, in 1995, a couple of months after his divorce from Jane, he married Elaine. In the early 2000s, Stephen’s family members were worried about him being physically abused. However, police investigations amounted to nothing as Stephen declined to make any official complaint. Later, his family members and close friends were excluded from his life. Stephen finally divorced Mason in 2006.
Race / Ethnicity
He was of Scottish descent on his mother’s side.
- ALS induced paralysis disability
- His high-tech wheelchair
In 2016, Stephen Hawking starred in a cool James Bond type TV advert for the automobile giant, Jaguar for their F-Pace car.
Best Known For
- His paralysis disability that had left him wheelchair-bound.
- His bestselling book, A Brief History of Time.
Stephen Hawking had appeared in a lot of TV movies and documentaries.
His first theatrical film was comedy thriller film Big Nothing in 2006 as Professor Stephen Hawking (Special Thanks).
First TV Show
As an actor, Stephen’s first TV show appearance was in Star Trek: The Next Generation in 1993 as himself in just 1 episode.
Stephen Hawking Facts
- While in high school, Stephen along with his close friends and under the guidance of mathematics teacher built a computer using old telephone switchboard, clock parts, and recycled components.
- After completing his graduate studies and before starting his doctoral work, Stephen Hawking took a trip to Iran along with a close friend.
- Hawking was diagnosed with the motor neurone disease at the age of 21 and initially, doctors said that he would live for just two years.
- In 1985, during a visit to CERN, Hawking contracted an extreme case of pneumonia and his condition was so dire that doctors asked his wife whether they should turn off life support system at the hospital.
- After he went down with pneumonia in 1985, the doctors had to perform the tracheotomy, which completely removed his already waning speech.
- Stephen Hawking is one of the few Britons to have won the Presidential Medal of Freedom, which is the highest civilian award given by US government.
- Stephen Hawking had collaborated with his daughter Lucy to write a series of children’s fiction books, revolving around the scientific adventures of a group of friends.
- His first book, A Brief History of Time was published in 1988 and went on to stay for more than 4 years on London Sunday Times bestseller list.
- He relied on the movement of single cheek muscle to generate words through the speech generation machine, which uses the mechanism similar to one used by smartphones to guess words and phrases.
- In 2002, Hawking was ranked #25 on the list of “100 Greatest Britons” by BBC via online polling.
- He was a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the United States National Academy of Sciences, and the American Philosophical Society.
- For discovering that the galaxies were formed as a result of quantum fluctuations in the early Universe, he was honored with the BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in “Basic Sciences” in 2015.
Thanks so much that was really helpful for my school work ^_^